Understanding of attachment theory essay
Bowlby believed that children have been born programmed to form attachments which will help them survive; this is known as evolutionary attachments. Different types of relationships can form between family, friend and in romance.
Though the study in this overview by Professor Fraley is quite comprehensive, the conclusions are also to be further studied.
Attachment theory, coined by John Bowlby, is a concept in developmental psychology that concerns the importance of "attachment" in regards to personal development. A young infant has to develop a relationship with at least one of their primary caregivers for them to develop socially and emotionally.
Bowlby rejecting the old theories of attachment highlighted that attachment is not merely an internal drive to satisfy some need.
Unfortunately not all children are able to develop this secure attachment. There are a total of four attachment styles: secure, preoccupied, dismissive-avoidant and fearful avoidant The attachment process itself responds to the developing identity of the child, which is very dependent on the sensitivity and guidance of the caregiver.
From my point of view attachment is a lasting, secure and positive bond between a child and a caregiver, a reciprocal relationship. The methodologies for exploring infantile attachment have an indisputable interest for research and for clinical purposes, since they allow professionals to accede to the emotional world of children Bowlby found that the relationship a child has with its mother or caregiver may directly affect how the child is able to form relationships in the future.
Attachment styles psychology essay
This could possibly imply that children places in early daycare will later in life suffer consequences for this. The mother offers the child safety, protection, and most importantly, security Brisch, Bowlby rejecting the old theories of attachment highlighted that attachment is not merely an internal drive to satisfy some need. It generally focuses on long term relationships such as parents or caregivers and children. In adults there are attachment styles that are a type of working model that explains certain behaviors that are developed at infancy and childhood. Bowlby described these attachment behaviours, as a secure attachment, insecure attachment and disorganised attachment , he stated that children generally displayed protest, despair or detachment when separated from their parents, Mary Ainsworth , a psychologist, that was a student of Bowlbys , later expanded and tested his idea, whereby she took part in her own empirical study called the strange situation, whereby she proved Bowlbys attachment theory correct alongside some new concepts of her own, after carrying out her study in America and Uganda on babies from mths that were separated from their mothers for 3 minutes, based on her findings, she proposed that there was four different types of attachment behaviour that the infant displayed their fore classified four different categories, expand secure attachment , anxious -avoidant and anxious ambivalent, and disorganised attachment. Bowlby believed that all attachments are instinctive, he said that attachments are shown when the child is under conditions of feeling threatened, such as: separation, fear and insecurity. Different types of relationships can form between family, friend and in romance. Bowlby developed his theory on attachment for several decades, and at a time where any dealings with childhood trauma were still rigorously influenced by Freudian psychoanalysis through the likes of psychoanalysts such Anna Freud or Melanie Klein. This has a major impact in our romantic and relationship lives. Then when the baby could crawl it could follow its mother, reach objects on its own and explore, always being able to get to where mum is if and when needed. There are many theories that serve to explain how healthy attachments are formed. They are secure attachment style, avoidant attachment style and ambivalent attachment style. Also, it can be defined as the strong bond between parent and child, and later in peer and romantic relationship Metzger, Erdman, Ng
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