Thesis on waste management in nigeria

what are the problems facing solid waste management in nigeria

To examine the patterns of waste disposal and collection in the study area iv. The theoretical framework of this thesis is solely based on literatures and previous research papers on topics relating to waste management. It enumerates the types of wastes generated in households, the sorting processes, advantages and disadvantages of waste to the environment and as a better alternative means of energy generation.

One of the greatest problems facing humanity today is that of waste management.

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The smell of offensive odours cannot be taken for granted. Dumping of refuse along street corners around the campus and their nearness to hostels, offices, lecture rooms and halls and the time lag in evacuating them constitutes another serious environmental health hazard in the study area.

Methods of waste disposal in nigeria

Solid wastes can also be classified based on their level of environmental contamination that is whether they are hazardous or non-hazardous to both man and the environment. These bins are being emptied and disposed off when they become full. The smell of offensive odours cannot be taken for granted. Some of these businesses include the school business centre AfriHub , the filling station, commercial stores around the hostels and staff quarters, open spaces within the campus where writing materials pens, pencils, books, erasers, etc and other items are being sold such as pure water, biscuit, soft drinks etc. It has now come to a point where solid waste stands face to face and side by side with man. Solid waste is any moveable solid object which the owner wishes to dispose if it is no longer useful to the immediate owner. The rate in which waste is generated, surpasses the rate at which it is evacuated. The problem of solid waste is as old as the first man on earth and the history of disposal can be traced to the early man as he gathered for his sustenance from farming and hunting and discarded the unwanted materials from his everyday routine which resulted in building up of filth Sewell, To assess the efficiency of waste management in the study area. This was because the waste that was generated was mainly agricultural and was bio-degradable and as such disposal was not a problem as the volume product was low and these agricultural wastes helped to enrich the soil. Another problem of solid waste management is the diversity of the waste being generated which results in a variety of potential health and welfare effects, the treatment of which is complicated by the fact that each type of waste often demands specific and yet different methods of disposal and management. Fundamental shifts in current practises towards waste prevention; driven by a structured public education programme in MSW management is recommended, so as to bring about a more sustainable management regime. Collected data was analyzed using the Pearson product moment correlation and the student t-test. Solid waste are the non-liquid, non-gaseous residue of our manufacturing, construction, cooking, recreation, agriculture and other activities that are been used and discarded. A well organized sorting system helps to save numerous natural resources and abates possible problems that might be caused by implementing landfills.

Various waste management authorities requires different types of extensive refuse vehicles that cost a lot to maintain at the commencement of the operations and these vehicles do not often remain serviceable for long due to poor operation, maintenance and non-availability of spare parts. The introduction of disposal containers and bins is a right step in solving or reducing this problem.

Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials.

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It has now come to a point where solid waste stands face to face and side by side with man.

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Towards Sustainable Waste Management in Lagos State, Nigeria. : Possible Adoptions From Finland.