Humanism also included a sharply critical attitude toward received values, individuals, and institutions, especially those that did not live up to their own principles. Learning Objectives Identify the key contributions made by Dante, Boccaccio, and Bruni Key Takeaways Key Points The ideas characterizing the Renaissance had their origin in late 13th century Florence, in particular in the writings of Dante Alighieri — and Petrarch — Countee Cullen, an African American, was apart of the artistic movement.
The survivors of the plague found not only that the prices of food were cheaper but also that lands were more abundant, and many of them inherited property from their dead relatives.
This left Europe with sixty-three universities, more than double the medieval number.
Most important, Martin Luther — published a German translation of the Bible New Testament in ; complete Bible inwhich may have had three hundred editions and over half a million printed copies byan enormous number at a time of limited literacy.
He went to live in the capital city or court of another state where he conveyed messages between his government and the host government. He was for many years a senior official in the Florentine Republic, with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs.
And the Renaissance invented a new term, humanista.