However, thinking also involves other mental processes that seem more basic and at which even toddlers are skilled—such as perceiving objects and events in the environment, acting skillfully on objects to obtain goals, and understanding and producing language. Applications to Education Understanding how children think and learn has proven useful for improving education.
The purpose of this review is to highlight the role of forgetting as an important variable in understanding the development of episodic and autobiographical memory.
Yet neither study afforded comparisons of rates of forgetting by children and adults, because neither study included adults. Be able to describe major theories of cognitive development and what distinguishes them.
Longer and more detailed narratives imply more robust memories; greater coherence in a narrative implies a better organized representation that should be more resistant to forgetting although see Bauer, While categorization has many benefits for developing inductive reasoning, it can also ultimately be associated with inferences that exaggerate differences between categories and similarities within categories.
Traditional accounts: Missing ingredients One hypothesized reason for the late emergence of autobiographical memory is that it awaits development of a self-concept around which memories can be organized e. On the one hand, the differences between episodic and autobiographical memories lead to the prediction that rates of forgetting may be more comparable in the domain of autobiographical memory than in the domain of episodic memory.
In the balance of this review, I focus primarily on forgetting.