Plato republic the noble lie
Plato writes of a perfect society where status as ruler is naturally selected through innate abilities. The city, and its continuation, will rely on some form of untruth.
Lastly, in Book III, Socrates and Glaucon discuss the appropriate place for the military camp of the guardians because they must be like trained wolves, rather than dogs.
Plato is arguing, here, that for societies to properly function there needs to be a grandstanding myth that unites the people. The noble lie devised by Socrates has two parts. These include a belief that the state's land belongs to it even though it was likely acquired illegitimately and that citizenship is rooted in something more than the accidents of birth.
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Plato believed that a ruler could not be wholly just unless one was in a society that was also just. Therefore, it is important for people to believe in myths propagated for the collective good—this is what politicians and political organizations do all the time. Socrates and Glaucon want to implement a lie from a Phoenician story called the myth of the metals. The gold are fashioned by the god and they are not necessarily born gold to gold. During the height of its success, Athens exemplifies a political paradigm for other societies to imitate. I am not saying that they would not have some of the same ideas, but ultimately, their responses would vary. Plato did not believe in democracy, because it was democracy that killed Socrates, his beloved teacher who was a just man and a philosopher.
The two theorists recognize the need for a hierarchical form of government to maintain order; however, they differ in their account of the effect of desires, and emotions on political order and hierarchy.
The survival of the politeia is at stake if there is no grand myth—or story—for people to latch onto and believe themselves inhabiting or occupying. During the height of its success, Athens exemplifies a political paradigm for other societies to imitate.
After all, they are merely constituent parts of the soul the parts lacking a deliberative capacity. Happy citizens form a happy society.
The noble lie is a much-discussed moment in the book. Share this:. Plato asserts that desires lead to the ultimate corruption of society, whereas Hobbes believes that certain innate desires can contribute to peace Having said that, what if one of the people's ideas of justice included injustices. What unites the disparate strand and multitude of Americans is civil religion: Belief in the goodness of America, her Constitution, and her Constitutional establishment which has a secularized religious embodiment, or nature, to it. Plato believed that a ruler could not be wholly just unless one was in a society that was also just. It is meant to replace the national traditions which any community has, which are intended to express the kind of community it is, or wishes to be, its ideals, rather than to state matters of fact.
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