Compare and contrast plato and aristotle political theories

Plato's most famous work, The Republic, which was his vision of a utopian society, was written during this period. All that can be done is to try to improve on the existing one. Neither Plato nor Aristotle found it to be necessary to distinguish between the state nor society and therefore it is difficult to define polis Hacker This led the philosophers to overwhelming differences in thought.

In conclusion these men were great thinkers. To inhabit the world, the Demiurge was first created the gods stars or mythological gods and charged to give life to animals, so as not to be responsible for their imperfections.

socrates plato aristotle comparison chart

He would preside over it until his death around B. Thus ancient ethicists typically addressed themselves to three related questions: 1 What does a good or flourishing human life consist of? Causality is not essential to the Agaton, as it comes by addition.

Via Plato, Socrates rejects this definition in the first book of the Republic: justice, as he understands it, comes down to the individual, that each part of the soul should fulfil its own function, and that desire be submitted to courage and courage to reason.

Compare and contrast plato and aristotle political theories

Aristotle, whose name means "the best purpose," was born in B. But this community of goods, women and children is not for use by the people. The good life is therefore the rational activity of the soul, as guided by the virtues. For Aristotle, forms do not exist independently of things—every form is the form of some thing. Tutored privately as all aristocratic children were, Aristotle trained first in medicine. Here are three main differences. He stayed at Plato's Academy until about B.

Though his method has been modified over time, the general process remains the same.

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Comparison of Plato and Aristotle's Political Theories