Derwing et al. Note:When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. According to Khannew researchers tend to use more diverse methodologies.
Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited.
If you are referring to an idea from another work but not directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication in your in-text reference. Preventing bullying. Reference entry Kraizer, S.
Even if you are taking all of your information from a single source, in-text citations are still a very important element of your paper and should not be overlooked. Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses.
Personal Communication: For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style personal communication, November 3, References Derwing, T.
This tendency could be attributed to either a misunderstanding of correct methodology or to a feeling of freedom to explore different approaches that the researchers have yet to employ. For subsequent citations, the style for the first category remains the same; for the second category, APA suggests shortening the citation to the name of the first author followed by et al.
Long quotes should be placed in a separate block of lines without quotation marks, similar to creating a new paragraph.